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Periodontal
Disease

The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. If plaque, a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva, is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). Whenplaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. This in turn leads to periodontal disease, which is characterized by the red, swollen, and bleeding gums that occurs.

Introduction

Unfortunately, four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages. As a result, this is the number one reason for tooth loss, but it doesn’t stop there. Research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease, and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk of harm during pregnancy. There is also a link between smoking and periodontal disease. Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.